CUSD is asking taxpayers in the Cities of Aliso Viejo, Laguna Niguel and Dana Point to support a $300 million dollar school facility bond in 2020.

CUSDWatch Comment 

The State of Caifornia has $337 billion dollars (with a "B") in local school facility bond debt. These Prop 39 Bonds have become a pay-to-play racket esigned to give local school districts new reveue streams without fully addressing facility needs, they are a way to create a slush fund for districts. We need to fix our schools, but data shows that the money is not being spent as promised, and there is no real oversight. 

See: California League of Bond Oversight Committees 

CUSD is playing games with the bond project list so that they can have access to a slush fund with millions of Taxpayers hard earned money, to fuel continued annual compensation increases for employees.

For the past five years CUSD has chosen to give employees 5 consecutive years of across the board compensation increases totaling over $150 million dollars, while choosing not to fix and maintain facilities at minimum health and safety standards.

California Local School Facility Bond Debt is $168 billion (re-payment $337 billion).

  • Orange County: $9 billion
  • LA County: $45 billion
  • San Diego County: $17 billion

See: CUSDWatch: Data: Local School Facility Bond Measures 

See: California's State and Local debt totals an estimated $1.3 trillion dollars 

 

Board Agenda page 1240

June 12, 2019 CUSD BOT Meeting Agenda Item #49 PRESENTATION UPDATE ON THE WESTERN SCHOOL FACILITIES IMPROVEMENT DISTRICT FACILITIES NEEDS (SFID School Facility bond for the Cities of Aliso Viejo, Laguna Niguel and Dana Point).

Board Audio at 1:28:29

Board Audio at 1:30:43  POINT OF CLARIFICATION- Capo Beach is not part of the Western SFID- Palisades Elementary School will be included in the San Clemente SFID. 

CUSD Presentation:

Western Bond Region: Dana Point, Laguna Niguel and Aliso Viejo

Screen_Shot_2019-06-25_at_4.33.56_AM.png

Screen_Shot_2019-06-25_at_4.31.07_AM.png

Screen_Shot_2019-06-25_at_4.32.31_AM.png

CUSDWatch Comment

CUSD failed to disclose the maturity date for these bonds

Tax Levi:

$34 per $100,000 of assessed value. 

If you own a million dollar home, your tax wil be $340 per year.

CUSD did not state a maturity date

  • 10 years you will pay $3,400
  • 20 years $6,800
  • 30 years $10,200
  • 40 years  $13,600

Bond Proceeds $300 million re-payment depends on maturity date

 

Screen_Shot_2019-06-28_at_4.55.26_AM.png 

 

CUSDWatch Comment

Notes at bottom of project list:

"1) Costs were prepared without a detailed facilities master plan."

"2) Costs were prepared based on preliminary scope and without defined environmental requirements and design concepts. Once projects commence, costs may be subject to change."

"3) Costs presented are estimates only and are based on average industry pricing"

The Capistrano Unified School District completed a Kitchell Facilities Assessment of every school in the District in November 2017 . This outlined the work that needed to be done to bring CUSD schools up to minimum health and safety standards. The bond project list that CUSD is currently proposing only address fixing Priority 1 of 5 of the Kitchell Report, and only for a limited number of schools.

From the Kitchel School Facilities Report: Definition of Priority 1 Repairs and Maintenance

"Conditions in this category require immediate action to: a) correct a cited safety hazard, b) stop accelerated deterioration, and/or c) return a facility to operation. The Escalation Factor in this category is 5%. Deficiencies in this category should be addressed in Year 1."

Year 1 was 2017. The Kitchell Reports outlined a 5-year plan to bring all facilities up to minimum health and safety standards. All projects Priorities 1-5 must be completed to ensure that facilities meet minimum health and safety standards. If CUSD cannot ensure that facilities meet minimum health and safety standards due to a lack of money, why has the District given employees five consecutive years of across the board compensation increases totaling over $150 million dollars?

CUSDWatch has reviewed all of the documentation and made a recommended Bond Project List that saves taxpayers millions of dollars, and brings all CUSD schools within the SFID area up to minimum health and safety standards by fixing all of the items listed in the Kitchell Facilities Assessment Priorities 1-5 for all schools.

If CUSD does not modify its bond project list to include the entire Kitchell Facilities Assessment, no taxpayer living within this SFID should support this Bond in 2020.

 

Board Audio at 1:34:30

CUSDWatch Comment

If you read the Kitchell Reports for all the schools it is obvious that most mechanical equipment is original to the schools; and that almost every mechanical system is past it's useful life, and must be replaced in order to bring facilities up to minimum health and safety standards.  


Board Audio at 1:42:30 Trustee Discussion Total Western SFID

Trustee Bullockus: HVAC and Air Conditioning

Board Audio at 1:44:38

Trustee McNicholas: 50 Meter Pool with Support Structures. [error?]

Board Audio at 1:45:08 

Trustee Reardon Dana Hills Theater Renovation

Board Audio at 1:45:44

Trustee Reardon what about Foxborough and Crown Valley? They are not receiving any bond projects.

Board Audio at 1:46:08 

Trustee Amy Hanacek Aliso program needs

Board Audio at 1:46:57

Trustee McNicholas Theater at Dana Hills High School

Board Audio at 1:49:39

Trustee Patricia Holloway Schools not included in SFID? Charter Schools [Foxborough and Crown Valley] not included.

Board Audio at 1:50:24

Trustee Gary Pritchard: CUSD is not required to follow City Height restrictions correct? No. That is through the Division of State Architects.

Board Audio at 1:50:58 

Superintendent Kristen Vital - June 26, 2019 CUSD Board Workshop. Add back the Charter Sites. Dana Hills High School needs a lot more than all the other schools. Other schools may not get all Priority I needs. One Charter is all portables [Foxborough]. Community engagement and education outreach. Do we need more community outreach.

Board Audio at 1:52:44 

Communications Officer Ryan Burris regarding Community Outreach and tracking poll.

Board Audio at 1:54:00

Trustee Amy Hanacek: Proceeds from the sale of Dana Point Bus Yard would go to Dana Point Schools. The City of Dana Point is lacking a Community pool and Community Center. Joint use projects?

Board Audio at 1:55:09

Superintendent Kristen Vital re: Timeline and milestones. $300,000 will be going into Dana Point from the Dana Point Bus Yard surplus property sale.

Board Audio at 1:56:38

Clark Hampton/ Susan Holidayz: Community Engagement up-date. Feedback from Communities.

Board Audio at 1:57:30

John Forney recieved feedback from school sites and Communities.

Board Audio at 1:58:41

Trustee Patricia Holloway pleased at the work staff is doing.

Board Audio at 1:59:18

Trustee McNicholas Matching Funds and the Map.

Board Audio at 2:01:35

Trustee Jim Reardon Laguna Woods. Community engagement City of Laguna Niguel.

Board Audio at 2:03:41

Trustee Amy Hanacek Niguel Hills Middle School music program.

Board Audio at 2:03:55

Trustee Jim Reardon Niguel Hills Middle School. Must give the Community more than just access to Community shared sports fields by walking through old portable buildings.

 

Bond Project List City of Laguna Niguel

COMPARISON CUSD BOND PROJECT LIST vs CUSDWatch BOND PROJECT LIST

Author Dawn Urbanek | This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it. | If you find this research valuable, please consider a donation to The Equity Project

CUSD Bond Project List: 

$44,545,090

+

Slush Fund

$15,511,725

New Construction

  • New MPR at Niguel Hills MS  $4,516,750
  • Replace Portables at Niguel Hills Middle School $24,140,325

Total $28,657,075

Classroom Renovations

Priority 1 projects of Kitchell Reports at some schools [excludes Crown Valley ES]

Total $15,888,015

Kitchell Priority 1 for some schools.

No school will meet minimum health and safety standards because Priorities 2-5 of the Kitchell Facilities Report will not be included in CUSD's bond project list. 

CUSD did not include any projects for Crown Valley Elementary School aka Charter Schools Community Roots Academy and OCASA

Priority 1: $2,050,700

 

Kitchell Report Priority 1-5 for all Laguna Niguel Schools is $44,188,000 which includes Crown Valley ES  $5,977,000

CUSDWatch Bond Project List:

$59,665,129 

New Construction

  • New MPR at Niguel Hills MS  $1,687,850
  • Replace Portables at Niguel Hills Middle School $13,789,342

Total $15,477,192

Classroom Renovations

All projects of Kitchell Reports Priority #1-#5 at ALL schools [includes Crown Valley ES]

Total $44,188,000

Kitchell Prioirty 1-5 for ALL schools. 

ALL schools will meet minimum health and safety standards, 

This includes Crown Valley Elementary School at a cost of $5,977,000 and a brand new 26 classroom building at Niguel Hills Middle School at a cost of $13.8 million

CUSD has successfully built three new 26 classroom buildings at Tesoro High School, San Juan Hills High School and San Clemente High School for $15 million each within the last two years.

CUSD potential Slush Fund $15,511,725

$15,511,725

Cost to replace portables is overstated: CUSD ($24,140,325 - $15,000,000 = $9140,325)

CUSD Slush Fund $9,140,325

Rennovations to fix all Kitchell Priorities #1 $15,432,786 which includes $6,371,400 for Niguel Hills Middle School)

CUSD Slush Fund $6,371,400

#No CUSD Bond in 2020 unless the Bond Project list includes every project listed in the Kitchell School Facilities Assessment for all schools including Crown Valley Elementary School. 

 

Capistrano Unified Bond Project List for Schools within the City of Laguna Niguel

 Niguel Hills Middle School New Construction

Screen_Shot_2019-07-07_at_4.06.12_AM.png

Screen_Shot_2019-07-07_at_4.08.01_AM.png

Niguel Hills Middle School Modernizations/Renovation

Screen_Shot_2019-07-07_at_4.08.38_AM.png

Screen_Shot_2019-06-28_at_5.56.33_AM.png

Screen_Shot_2019-07-07_at_4.10.41_AM.png

School  New Construction  Renovations  Kitchell Report Priority #1 at some schools 

Crown Valley Elementary School aka Charter Schools Community Roots Academy and OCASA (Not included in CUSD bond project list)

Kitchell Report Priority 1 $2,791,500

    -0-
Geroge White ES (1990)  $2,343,657 
Hidden Hills ES (1994)   $2,849,829
John S. Malcom ES (1994)   $2,523,886 
Laguna Niguel ES (2002)   $60,015
Marian Bergeson ES (1988)   $2,003,200
Moulton ES (1975)  $214,743
Niguel Hills MS (1976)  $28,657,075 $15,888,015
 -0-
Total  $28,657,075 $15,888,015 $9,995,330
Grand Total $54,540,420

 

CUSDWatch Bond Project List for Schools within the City of Laguna Niguel

Author Dawn Urbanek | This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it. | If you find this research valuable, please consider a donation to The Equity Project

Renovations Kitchell Report Priority #1- 5 at all schools  
Crown Valley Elementary School aka Charter Schools Community Roots Academy and OCASA (Not included in CUSD bond project list) $5,977,000

George White Elementary School (Built in 1990) 

Kitchell Report
Priority 1   CUSD Priority 1 CUSDWatch Prioirty 1 - 5 
 $2,050,700  $2,343,657 $4,457,000 

$4,457,000

Hidden Hills Elementary School (Built in 1994)

Kitchell Report
Priority 1   CUSD Priority 1 CUSDWatch Prioirty 1 - 5 
 $2,493,600  $2,849,829 $5,058,000
$5,058,000

John S. Malcom Elementary School (Built in 1994)

Kitchell Report
Priority 1   CUSD Priority 1 CUSDWatch Prioirty 1 - 5 
 $2,523,886  $2,523,886 $5,577,000
$5,577,000

Laguna Niguel Elementary School (Built in 2002)

Kitchell Report
Priority 1   CUSD Priority 1 CUSDWatch Prioirty 1 - 5 
 $52,500  $60,015 $4,274,000
$4,274,000

Marian Bergeson Elementary School (Built in 1988)

Kitchell Report
Priority 1   CUSD Priority 1 CUSDWatch Prioirty 1 - 5 
 $1,752,800  $2,003,200 $4,025,000
$4,025,000

Moulton Elementary School (Built in 1975)

Kitchell Report
Priority 1   CUSD Priority 1 CUSDWatch Prioirty 1 - 5 
 $187,900  $214,743 $5,667,000
$5,667,000

Niguel Hills Middle School (Built in 1976)

Kitchell Report
Priority 1   CUSD Priority 1 CUSDWatch Prioirty 1 - 5 
 $6,371,400 -0- $9,153,000
$9,153,000
Total $44,188,000
New Construction  
Multipurpose Room at Niguel Hills Middle School $4,516,750
If CUSD builds a new MPR then the costs for renovating the existing MPR in the Kitchell Report need to be backed out ($2,828,900)
Sub Total $1,687,850
Add new 26 calssroom building to replace portables $15,000,000
If CUSD Builds a new building then the costs in the Kitchel Report to renovate portables must be backed out.  ($1,210,658)
Sub Total $13,789,342
Grand Total $59,665,192

 

Proposed New Construction at Niguel Hills Middle School

MPR Kitchell Renovation Costs

MPR renovation costs of MPR that must be deducted if a new MPR is built

 $2,828,900

page 18

MPR 

Domestic Water Distribution. Circulation pump is at or approaching the end of its useful life. Provide equipment
replacement and installation.
$43,200
page 18 MPR Domestic Water Distribution. Hose bibs with recessed wall hydrant is at or approaching the end of its useful life. Provide equipment replacement and installation. $33,300
page 18 MPR Domestic Water Distribution. Copper pipe and fittings are
at or approaching the end of its useful life.  Provide equipment replacement and installation.
$2,200
page 18 MPR Domestic Water Distribution. Large domestic hot water storage tank is at or approaching the end of its useful life. Provide equipment replacement and installation. $11,000
page 19 MPR Domestic Water Distribution. Plumbing fixtures, cold and
hot water piping, sanitary sewer line, and vent lines are at or approaching the end of its useful life.Provide equipment replacement and installation.
$19,200
page 19 MPR Domestic Water Distribution. Plumbing fixtures, cold and
hot water piping, sanitary sewer line, and vent lines are at or approaching the end of its useful life.Provide equipment replacement and installation.
$25,500
page 20 MPR Domestic Water Distribution. Plumbing fixtures, cold and
hot water piping, sanitary sewer line, and vent lines are at or approaching the end of its useful life.Provide equipment replacement and installation.
$25,500
page 20 AC-B3 Domestic Water Distribution. Plumbing fixtures, cold and
hot water piping, sanitary sewer line, and vent lines are at or approaching the end of its useful life.Provide equipment replacement and installation.
$53,000
page 20 MPR Domestic Water Distribution. Double compartment sink
at or approaching the end of its useful life. Provide equipment replacement and installation.
$44,800
page 20 MPR Domestic Water Distribution. Plumbing fixtures, cold and
hot water piping, sanitary sewer line, and vent lines are at or approaching the end of its useful life.Provide equipment replacement and installation.
$53,000
page 20 MPR Domestic Water Distribution. Plumbing fixtures, cold and
hot water piping, sanitary sewer line, and vent lines are at or approaching the end of its useful life.Provide equipment replacement and installation.
$6,500
page 20 MPR Domestic Water Distribution. Plumbing fixtures, cold and
hot water piping, sanitary sewer line, and vent lines are at or approaching the end of its useful life.Provide equipment replacement and installation.
$13,000
page 21 MPR Domestic Water Distribution. Plumbing fixtures, cold and
hot water piping, sanitary sewer line, and vent lines are at or approaching the end of its useful life.Provide equipment replacement and installation.
$15,000
page 21 MPR Domestic Water Distribution. Plumbing fixtures, cold and
hot water piping, sanitary sewer line, and vent lines are at or approaching the end of its useful life.Provide equipment replacement and installation.
$15,000
page 21 MPR Sanitary Drainage. Floor drain is at or approaching the end of its useful life. $700
page 21 MPR Process Support Plumbing Systems. Gas line on roof is at or
approaching the end of its useful life. Provide equipment
replacement and installation.
$4,700
page 22 MPR Process Support Plumbing Systems. Gas line on roof is at or
approaching the end of its useful life. Provide equipment
replacement and installation.
$11,800
page 22 MPR Process Support Plumbing Systems. Gas line on roof is at or
approaching the end of its useful life. Provide equipment
replacement and installation.
$2,600
page 22 MPR Heating Systems. Heat exchanger is at or approaching the end of its useful life. Provide equipment replacement and installation. $21,000
page 22 MPR Heating Systems. Heat exchanger is at or approaching the end of its useful life. Provide equipment replacement and installation. $20,400
page 22 MPR Heating Systems. Boiler is at or approaching the end of its useful life. Provide equipment replacement and installation. $108,900
page 22 MPR Cooling Systems. Split system is at or approaching the end of its useful life. Provide equipment replacement and installation. $15,200
page 23 MPR Cooling Systems. Refrigeration system for walk-in cooler/ freezer is at or approaching the end of its useful life.. Provide equipment replacement and installation. $21,000
page 23 MPR Cooling Systems. Split system is at or approaching the end of its useful life. Provide equipment replacement and installation. $299,300
page 24 MPR Facility HVAC Distribution Systems. Supply diffusers and return grilles appear to be caked in rust showing evidence of sufficient moisture. Provide further investigation with a licensed HVAC engineer to assess conditions. $10,600
page 24 MPR Distribution Systems. Hydronic piping and specialties at pump or air handler is decaying and is leaking. Provide equipment replacement and installation.  $1,506,700
page 25 MPR Ventilation. Commercial kitchen hood and kitchen exhaust hood is at or approaching the end of its useful life. Provide equipment replacement and installation. $355,800
page 25 MPR Ventilation. Roof exhaust fan is at or approaching the end of its useful life. Provide equipment replacement and installation. $4,700
page 25 MPR Ventilation. Exhaust fan required. Provide equipment replacement and installation. $6,400
page 26 MPR Ventilation. Roof exhaust fan is at or approaching the end of its useful life. Provide equipment replacement and installation.  $9,300
page 26 MPR Ventilation. Roof exhaust fan is at or approaching the end of its useful life. Provide equipment replacement and installation.   $9,300
page 26 MPR Ventilation. Roof exhaust fan is at or approaching the end of its useful life. Provide equipment replacement and installation.  $25,200
page 26 MPR Ventilation. Roof exhaust fan is at or approaching the end of its useful life. Provide equipment replacement and installation.  $4,700
page 26 MPR Ventilation. Roof exhaust fan is at or approaching the end of its useful life. Provide equipment replacement and installation.  $12,600
page 26 MPR Ventilation. Roof exhaust fan is at or approaching the end of its useful life. Provide equipment replacement and installation.  $4,700
page 26 MPR Ventilation. Roof ventilator is at or approaching the end of its useful life. Provide equipment replacement and installation.  $4,700
page 32 MPR Residential Equipment. Residential type kitchen exhaust hood is approaching the end of its expected useful life. Provide equipment replacement and installation. $8,400
 Total  $2,828,900

 

Proposed Renovations at Niguel Hills Middle School

Portable Classrooms Kitchell Renovation Costs

CUSDWatch Comment 

A new 26 classroom building can be built for $15 million dollars. CUSD has already done this at three high schools: Tesoro, San Juan Hills and San Clemente High School. If CUSD was to replace all the portables with a new classroom building it would cost $15 million less the Poratable renovations in the Kitchell Report $1,210,658 = $13.8 million

 

Kitchell Report Niguel Hills Middle School
page 14 Portable 01 Roofing. Modified Bitumen roof is approaching the end of its
useful life. Replace existing roof with similar roof.
$28,000
page 14  Portable 02 Roofing. Modified Bitumen roof is approaching the end of its
useful life. Replace existing roof with similar roof.
$28,000
page 13 

Portable 03

Roofing. Modified Bitumen roof is approaching the end of its
useful life. Replace existing roof with similar roof.
$28,000
page 14 Portable 04 Roofing. Modified Bitumen roof is approaching the end of its
useful life. Replace existing roof with similar roof.
$28,000
page 14  Portable 05 Roofing. Modified Bitumen roof is approaching the end of its
useful life. Replace existing roof with similar roof.
$28,000
page 14  Portable 06 Roofing. Modified Bitumen roof is approaching the end of its
useful life. Replace existing roof with similar roof.
$28,000
page 15  Portsble 07 Roofing. Modified Bitumen roof is approaching the end of its
useful life. Replace existing roof with similar roof.
$28,000
page 14  Portable 08 Roofing. Modified Bitumen roof is approaching the end of its
useful life. Replace existing roof with similar roof.
$28,000
page 14 Portable 09 Roofing. Modified Bitumen roof is approaching the end of its
useful life. Replace existing roof with similar roof.
$28,000
page 14  Portable 10 Roofing. Modified Bitumen roof is approaching the end of its
useful life. Replace existing roof with similar roof.
$28,000
page 15

Portable 11

Roofing. Standing Seam Metal roof is approaching the end of its useful life. Replace existing roof with similar roof. $41,600 
page 14  Portable 12 Roofing. Modified Bitumen roof is approaching the end of its
useful life. Replace existing roof with similar roof.
$28,000
page 14  Portable 13 Roofing. Modified Bitumen roof is approaching the end of its
useful life. Replace existing roof with similar roof.
$28,000
page 14  Portable 14 Roofing. Modified Bitumen roof is approaching the end of its
useful life. Replace existing roof with similar roof.
$28,000
page 14  Portable 15 Roofing. Modified Bitumen roof is approaching the end of its
useful life. Replace existing roof with similar roof.
$11,000
page 16  Portable 16 Roofing. Single Ply roof is approaching the end of its useful life. $13,300
page 14  Portable 17 Roofing. Modified Bitumen roof is approaching the end of its
useful life. Replace existing roof with similar roof.
$28,000
page  14 Portable 18 Roofing. Modified Bitumen roof is approaching the end of its
useful life. Replace existing roof with similar roof.
$28,000
page 14  Portable 19 Roofing. Modified Bitumen roof is approaching the end of its
useful life. Replace existing roof with similar roof.
$28,000
page 14 Portable 20 and 21 Roofing. Modified Bitumen roof is approaching the end of its
useful life. Replace existing roof with similar roof.
$57.900
page 14  Portable 22 Roofing. Standing Seam Metal roof is approaching the end of its useful life. Replace existing roof with similar roof. $43,600
page 14  Portable 23 Roofing. Standing Seam Metal roof is approaching the end of its useful life. Replace existing roof with similar roof. $43,600
page 14  Portable 24 Roofing. Standing Seam Metal roof is approaching the end of its useful life. Replace existing roof with similar roof. $43,600
page  15  Portable 25  Roofing. Standing Seam Metal roof is approaching the end of its useful life. Replace existing roof with similar roof.  $45,800
page 15  Portable 26 Roofing. Modified Bitumen roof is approaching the end of its
useful life. Replace existing roof with similar roof.
$11,000
page 14 Portable Restroom Roofing. Modified Bitumen roof is approaching the end of its
useful life. Replace existing roof with similar roof.
$9,700
page 15 YMCA Portable Roofing. Standing Seam Metal roof is approaching the end of its useful life. Replace existing roof with similar roof. $45,800
Page 16 YMCA

Roof Appurtenances Gutters are in fair to poor condition. Replace gutters with
scheduled roof replacement.

$1,000
page 16 YMCA Roof Appurtenances Gutters are in fair to poor condition. Replace gutters with scheduled roof replacement. $300
page 16 Portables Roof Appurtenances Gutters are at the end of their useful life and/or are damaged. $4,700
page 18 Poratbles Flooring. During the time of the assessment, it was observed that the carpet is in poor condition. $15,400
page 19 Portables Domestic Water Distribution Mop sink and faucet are at or approaching the end of its useful life. Provide equipment replacement and installation. $6,400
page 20 Portables Domestic Water Distribution. Plumbing fixtures, cold and hot water piping, sanitary sewer line, and vent lines are at or approaching the end of its useful life. $17,000
page 21 Portables Sanitary Drainage. Waste piping is at or approaching the end of its useful life. Provide equipment replacement and installation. $1,300
page 22 Portables Heating Systems. Small electric unit heater is at or approaching the end of its useful life. $9,900
page 23 Portables Cooling Systems. Wall mounted heat pump unit is at or approaching the end of its useful life. $314,100
page 23 Portables Cooling Systems. Wall mounted heat pump unit is at or approaching the end of its useful life. $22,100
page 23 Portables Cooling Systems. Wall mounted heat pump unit is at or approaching the end of its useful life. $22,100
page 24 Portables Cooling Systems. Wall mounted heat pump unit is at or approaching the end of its useful life. $23,200
page 32 Portables Detection and Alarm. A mounted smoke detector is damaged and/ or missing in area. Install and replace the smoke detector. $1,100
page 32 Paving In
Front of
Portables P1- P6
At the time of the assessment, it was observed that concrete pavement showed evidence of minor cracking (larger than 1/16"). $15,000
 Total  $1,210,658